Overlapping (a flash click through tutorial)
Switching to Position can be a difficult concept to grasp. Here is a somewhat long YouTube video explaining when to switch: Switch to Position
Running an offense becomes integral to the game once players are able to specialize their talents. You'll want your best setters touching the ball every play. There are several offenses to choose from. You may have heard of a 4-2, a 6-2 and a 5-1. The first number is the number of available hitters who will attack/hit when they are front row. The second number is the number of setters on the court. The information and videos below will help you understand how they work. (Keep in mind that I do not go into the back row attack, or back row players hitting from behind the ten foot line.)
The 4 - 2
The 4-2 has four hitters and two setters. The two setters set from the front row and pass when they are back row. They will not jump and hit in the front row unless another player has to step in and set. There are four hitters on the court. This means that four players on the court are not designated setters. Watch the Video
The 6-2 has six players who will hit when they are in the front row, including the two setters. The two setters will set only when they are back row. This leaves three hitters in the front row at all times. Watch the Video
The 5-1 is like a combination of the 4-2 and the 6-2. There are five hitters and one setter on the court. The setter sets while she is both in the front and the back row. This means that while she is setting from the front row, there are only two available front row attackers/hitters. When she is setting from the back row, there are three available front row hitters/attackers. Watch the Video
Rotation mainly comes into play when playing six man volleyball. The players line up, three in the front row and three in the back. Players rotate one position in a clockwise direction. A team only rotates when their team gains the serve. If your team is already serving and you continue to make points, you do not rotate; the same server continues to serve. If the other team is serving and you win the point, your team will now be serving and your team must rotate one time clockwise.
Rotation and Switching for Opposite the Setter/ Right Side
You're playing right side which is also called opposite if you are not setting. But, if the setter has to dig or pass the ball, you are the one responsible for stepping in to set that second ball. Setters always set from the right side of the court and we pass slightly to the right of middle so the setter is on the right.
Rotation is just where you are on the court in your serving order. So, if you start the game in left front, that is where you currently are in rotation. You'll notice that the setter is right back when you are left front in rotation. You will always be opposite her on the court. Because of that, when you are front row, she is back row and vice versa.
As you already know, we rotate in a clockwise motion around the court each time we side out. Siding out means gaining the serve when we were not already serving. If we are already serving, we don't rotate when we win a point. We just continue serving. If the other team is serving and we win the point, we are gaining the serve and we need to rotate one time clockwise to our next server.
Now, it's very important that you realize your position on the court (right side/opposite) is different than where you are in rotation. Your position is right side so you will ALWAYS switch to the right. If you are front row, you will switch to right front. If you are back row, you will switch to right back. You will play out the whole rally in your right side position until the play ends and the ball dies. Then, you must go back to where you were in rotation before the next serve.
You only switch when your team sends the ball over the net. So, if your setter is in right back in rotation and she is serving, you are left front in rotation. She is about to send the ball over the net, which means you will switch to the right as soon as she contacts the ball. Play out the whole rally there on the right. Be ready to hit if anyone else passes the ball. But, be ready to set if the setter has to pass the ball.
If your team is not serving and you are left front, you will be ready to pass from where you are in rotation (left front). Your team is not sending the ball over the net with the serve. So, you will wait to switch until your team sends the ball back over the net to the other team. Until your team sends the ball over the net to the other team, you will remain in that left front spot and be ready to pass and hit. Once the ball goes over the net, you quickly switch to the right during the rally and you stay there and play until the ball dies. Then, it's back to where you are in rotation.
There is no rotation in doubles.
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